Sayings of Jesus on the cross - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


** Sayings of Jesus on the cross **

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/Crucifixion, seen from the Cross/ by James Tissot, c. 1890

The *Sayings of Jesus on the cross* (also called the *Seven Last Words from
the Cross*) are seven expressions traditionally attributed to Jesus during
his crucifixion, gathered from the four Canonical Gospels.^[1]^[2] Three of
the sayings appear exclusively in the Gospel of Luke and three appear
exclusively in the Gospel of John. The other saying appears both in the
Gospel of Mark and the Gospel of Matthew.^[3] In Mark and Matthew, Jesus
cries out to God. In Luke, he forgives his killers, reassures the good
thief, and commends his spirit to the Father. In John, he speaks to his
mother, says he thirsts, and declares the end of his earthly life.

He hung there for six hours and probably said far more than this, but these
were the words people remembered. They each have special meaning.^[4] Since
the 16th century these sayings have been widely used in the preachings on
Good Friday and entire books have been written on the theological analysis,
and the devotional elements of the seven sayings.^[3]^[5]^[6]^[7] The Seven
Last Words from the Cross are an integral part of the liturgy in the
Anglican, Catholic, Methodist, and other Christian traditions.^[8]^[9]

Physicians and scientists who have studied the medical aspects of the
crucifixion concluded that the sayings had to be short because crucifixion
causes asphyxia. This makes inhaling air to speak difficult and painful,
especially as death approaches.^[10]^[11]^[12]^[13]

The seven sayings tradition is an example of the Christian approach to the
construction of a Gospel harmony in which material from different Gospels


why have you forsaken me

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