Penalty card - Wikipedia


** Penalty card **

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Yellow card shown in an association football match

A *penalty card* is used in many sports as a means of warning, reprimanding
or penalising a player, coach or team official. Penalty cards are most
commonly used by referees or umpires to indicate that a player has
committed an offense. The referee will hold the card above his or her head
while looking or pointing towards the player that has committed the
offense. The colour and/or shape of the card used by the official indicates
the type or seriousness of the offence and the level of punishment that is
to be applied.

By analogy the term is sometimes used in non-sporting contexts. For
example, the UK Radio Authority spoke of issuing a yellow card to those who
broke its rules.^[1]


· 1 History and origin
· 2 Commonly used penalty cards

· 2.1 Yellow card
· 2.2 Red card

· 3 Other types of penalty cards

· 3.1 Green card
· 3.2 White card
· 3.3 Blue card
· 3.4 Black card

· 4 See also
· 5 References

*History and origin[edit]*

The idea of using language-neutral coloured cards to communicate a
referee's intentions originated in association football, with British
referee Ken Aston.^[2] Aston had been appointed to the FIFA Referees'
Committee and was responsible for all referees at the 1966 FIFA World Cup.
In the quarter finals, England met Argentina at Wembley Stadium. After the
match, newspaper reports stated that referee Rudolf Kreitlein had cautioned
both Bobby and Jack Charlton, as well as sending off Argentinian Antonio
Rattin. The referee had not made his decision clear during the game, and
England manager Alf


when is a yellow card given in football

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