When are peaches in season?
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At its ripest and best the peach is a food that forces you to adopt a
special eating position - bowing forwards at an angle of 30° and with arm
raised above the horizontal - to avoid being bathed in peach juice (now
there's an idea...).
** HISTORY **
Native to China, peaches were taken along the Silk Route to Persia and were
later spread to North and West Europe by the Romans. The peach is easily
raised from seed and is now grown in temperate climates across the globe.
** BIOLOGY **
The peach tree (/Amygdalus persica/) is a member of the rose family and is
related to both the apricot and the almond. Hundreds of varieties are
available - mostly classifed as yellow fleshed or white fleshed. Nectarines
are a smooth skinned variety.
** NUTRITION **
Peaches are full of vitamin C and are also a good source of potassium and
fiber. They contain beta-carotene, which the body converts to vitamin A.
** TIPS **
Peaches get softer and juicier after picking but they only develop flavor
and sweetness on the tree. Choose fruit that yield slightly to pressure:
firmish fruit are fine but hard fruit should be avoided. The amount and
depth of pink coverage on the skin varies and does not signify ripeness,
but any sign of green reveals fruit that has been picked prematurely.
Smell is a very good indicator of the level of flavor.
Firm peaches can be kept at room temperature until soft (storing in a paper
bag will accelerate
Peach - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
** Peach **
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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/This article is about the tree and its fruit. For other uses, see Peach
(disambiguation) and Peachtree (disambiguation)./
Autumn Red Peaches, cross section
Species: /*P. persica*/
The *peach*, /*Prunus persica*/, is a deciduous tree, native to North-West
China, in the region comprised between the Tarim basin and the north slopes
of the Kunlun Shan mountains, where it was first domesticated and
cultivated^. It bears an edible juicy fruit also called a *peach*. The
species name /persica/ refers to its widespread cultivation in Persia,
whence it was transplanted to Europe. It belongs to the genus /Prunus/
which includes the cherry and plum, in the family Rosaceae. The peach is
classified with the almond in the subgenus /Amygdalus/, distinguished from
the other subgenera by the corrugated seed shell.
Peaches and nectarines are the same species, even though they are regarded
commercially as different fruits. Nectarines have an orange center and
faint fuzz, while peaches have white centers and very fuzzy skin; genetic
studies suggest nectarines are produced due to a recessive allele, whereas
peaches are produced from dominant allele for fuzzy skin.^
China is the world's largest producer of peaches and nectarines.
· 1 Description
· 2 Etymology
· 3 History
· 4 Cultivation
· 4.1 Cultivars
· 4.2 Planting
· 4.2.1 Interaction with fauna
· 4.2.2 Diseases
· 4.3 Storage
· 4.3.1 Nectarines
· 4.3.2 Peacherines
· 4.4 Production
· 5 Cultural significance
· 5.1 China
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