Rules for Comma Usage


** Rules for
Comma Usage **



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Use a comma *to separate the elements in a series* (three or more things),
including the last two. "He hit the ball, dropped the bat, and ran to first
base." You may have learned that the comma before the "and" is unnecessary,
which is fine if you're in control of things. However, there are situations
in which, if you don't use this comma (especially when the list is complex
or lengthy), these last two items in the list will try to glom together
(like macaroni and cheese). Using a comma between /all the items in a
series, including the last two,/ avoids this problem. This last comma—the
one between the word "and" and the preceding word—is often called the
*serial comma* or the *Oxford comma*. In newspaper writing, incidentally,
you will seldom find a serial comma, but that is not necessarily a sign
that it should be omitted in academic prose.


*Use a comma + a little conjunction* (and, but, for, nor, yet, or, so) *to
connect two independent clauses*, as in "He hit the ball well, but he ran
toward third base."

Contending that the coordinating conjunction is adequate separation, some
writers will leave out the comma in a sentence with short, balanced
independent clauses (such as we see in the example just


when are commas used

How to Use Commas: 10 Steps - wikiHow

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** How to Use Commas **

Edited by Darth_Pipe, Flickety, Glutted, Choicefresh and 27 others

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Use Commas

Proper use of punctuation and grammar is quickly falling to the wayside in
today's environment of information on demand and text messaging. But
*improper* use of punctuation identifies the writer as uneducated and makes
the message unclear. Make your message unmistakable and correct with the
proper use of commas!

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*Edit Steps*

-Comma Usage Cheat Sheet-

Comma Usage Cheat Sheet

-Using Commas-

1. 1
*Use commas to separate things in a list or series*.
_Correct:_ /At the store I will buy apples, oranges, pears, and bananas./
_Note:_ It's OK to omit the final comma before the "and" in /At the store I
will buy apples, oranges, pears and bananas./ But never omit the final
comma if it makes the sentence unclear. This final comma is known as the
"Oxford" (or Harvard) comma, and its use is debated. Let clarity be your
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· Do not place commas before or after the list or series.
_Incorrect:_ /At the store I will buy*,* apples, oranges, pears, and
bananas*,* to make fruit salad tonight./
_Correct:_ /At the store I will buy apples, oranges, pears and bananas to
make fruit salad tonight./

· Do not use commas when all the items in a series are linked by /and/


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