Blueberry - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


** Blueberry **

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This article is about the "American" blueberry. For the "European"
blueberry, see Bilberry.
For other uses, see Blueberry (disambiguation).


/Vaccinium corymbosum/
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Ericaceae
Genus: /Vaccinium/
Section: /*Cyanococcus*/
See text

*Blueberries* are perennial flowering plants with indigo-colored berries in
the section /*Cyanococcus*/ within the genus /Vaccinium/ (a genus that also
includes cranberries and bilberries). Species in the section /Cyanococcus/
are the most common^[1] fruits sold as "blueberries" and are native to
North America (commercially cultivated highbush blueberries were not
introduced into Europe until the 1930s).^[2]

They are usually erect, but sometimes prostrate shrubs varying in size from
10 centimeters (3.9 in) to 4 meters (13 ft) tall. In commercial blueberry
production, smaller species are known as "lowbush blueberries" (synonymous
with "wild"), and the larger species are known as "highbush blueberries".

The leaves can be either deciduous or evergreen, ovate to lanceolate, and
1–8 cm (0.39–3.1 in) long and 0.5–3.5 cm
(0.20–1.4 in) broad. The flowers are bell-shaped, white, pale pink or
red, sometimes tinged greenish. The fruit is a berry 5–16 millimeters
(0.20–0.63 in) in diameter with a flared crown at the end; they are
pale greenish at first, then reddish-purple, and finally dark blue when
ripe. They are covered in a protective coating of powdery epicuticular wax,
colloquially knows as the "bloom".^[3] They have a sweet taste when mature,
with variable acidity. Blueberry bushes typically bear fruit in the middle
of the growing season: fruiting times are affected by local conditions such
as altitude and latitude, so the height of the crop can vary from May to
August depending upon these conditions


when are blueberries in season

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