when are autopsies required


Autopsy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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** Autopsy **

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"Post-mortem" redirects here. For other uses, see Post-mortem
(disambiguation).
This article is about the medical procedure. For other uses, see Autopsy
(disambiguation).

Autopsy
/Intervention/
Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn 007.jpgThe /Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes
Tulp/, by Rembrandt, depicts an autopsy.
ICD-9-CM 89.8
MeSH D001344

An *autopsy*—also known as a *post-mortem examination*, *necropsy*,
*autopsia cadaverum*, or *obduction*—is a highly specialized surgical
procedure that consists of a thorough examination of a corpse to determine
the cause and manner of death and to evaluate any disease or injury that
may be present. It is usually performed by a specialized medical doctor
called a pathologist.

The word “autopsy” means to study and directly observe the body
(Adkins and Barnes, 317). This includes an external examination of the
deceased and the removal and dissection of the brain, kidneys, lungs and
heart. When a coroner receives a body, he or she must first review the
circumstances of the death and all evidence, then decide what type of
autopsy should be performed if any. If an autopsy is recommended, the
coroner can choose between an external autopsy (the deceased is examined,
fingerprinted, and photographed but not opened; blood and fluid samples are
taken), an external and partial internal autopsy (the deceased is opened
but only affected organs are removed and examined), or a full external and
internal autopsy.

Autopsies are performed for either legal or medical purposes. For example,
a forensic autopsy is carried out when the cause of death may be a criminal
matter, while a clinical or academic autopsy is performed to find the
medical cause of death and is used in cases of unknown or uncertain death,
or for research purposes. Autopsies can


Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autopsy

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