X window manager - Wikipedia


** X window manager **

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The windowing system based on the X11 protocol keeps display server and
window manager as separate components

An *X window manager* is a window manager which runs on top of the X Window
System, a windowing system mainly used on Unix-like systems.

Unlike the classic Mac OS and macOS (Apple Macintosh) and Microsoft Windows
platforms (excepting Microsoft Windows explorer.exe shell replacements)
which have historically provided a vendor-controlled, fixed set of ways to
control how windows and panes display on a screen, and how the user may
interact with them, window management for the X Window System was
deliberately kept separate from the software providing the graphical
display. The user can choose between various third-party window managers,
which differ from one another in several ways, including:

· customizability of appearance and functionality:

· textual menus used to start programs and/or change options
· docks and other graphical ways to start programs
· multiple desktops and virtual desktops (desktops larger than the
physical monitor size), and pagers^[1] to switch between them

· consumption of memory and other system resources
· degree of integration with a desktop environment, which provides a more
complete interface to the operating system, and provides a range of
integrated utilities and applications.


· 1 How X window managers work
· 2 Types of window managers

· 2.1 Stacking window managers
· 2.2 Tiling window managers
· 2.3 Compositing window managers
· 2.4 Virtual window managers
· 2

Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X_window_manager

what is x window manager

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