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what is hpv


Human papillomavirus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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** Human papillomavirus **

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"HPV" redirects here. For other uses, see HPV (disambiguation).
The Papillomavirus article covers the general biological features of human
and animal papillomaviruses.

Human papillomavirus
/Classification and external resources/
ICD-10 B97.7
ICD-9 078.1 079.4
DiseasesDB 6032
eMedicine med/1037
MeSH D030361

*Human papillomavirus* (*HPV*) is a virus from the papillomavirus family
that is capable of infecting humans. Like all papillomaviruses, HPVs
establish productive infections only in keratinocytes of the skin or mucous
membranes. While the majority of the known types of HPV cause no symptoms
in most people, some types can cause warts (verrucae), while others
can—in a minority of cases—lead to cancers of the cervix, vulva,
vagina, penis, oropharynx and anus.^[1] Recently, HPV has been linked with
an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.^[2] In addition, HPV 16 and 18
infections are strongly associated with an increased odds ratio of
developing oropharyngeal (throat) cancer.^[3]

More than 30 to 40 types of HPV are typically transmitted through sexual
contact and infect the anogenital region. Some sexually transmitted HPV
types may cause genital warts. Persistent infection with "high-risk" HPV
types—different from the ones that cause skin warts—may progress
to precancerous lesions and invasive cancer.^[4] HPV infection is a cause
of nearly all cases of cervical cancer.^[5] However, most infections with
these types do not cause disease.

Most HPV infections in young females are temporary and have little
long-term significance. Seventy percent of infections are gone in 1 year
and ninety percent in 2 years.^[6] However, when the infection
persists—in 5% to 10% of infected women—there is high risk of
developing precancerous lesions of the cervix, which can progress to
invasive cervical cancer. This process


Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_papillomavirus

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