Ethnicity vs Race - Difference and Comparison | Diffen


** Ethnicity vs Race **

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The traditional definition of *race and ethnicity* is related to biological
and sociological factors respectively. *Race* refers to a person's physical
appearance, such as skin color, eye color, hair color, bone/jaw structure
etc. *Ethnicity*, on the other hand, relates to cultural factors such as
nationality, culture, ancestry, language and beliefs.

For example, take the Caucasian race. The physical characteristics of
Caucasians were described by M. A. MacConaill, as being "light skin and
eyes, narrow noses, and thin lips. Their hair is usually straight or wavy".
Caucasoids are said to have the lowest degree of projection of the alveolar
bones which contain the teeth, a notable size prominence of the cranium and
forehead region, and a projection of the midfacial region. A person whose
appearance matches these characteristics is said to be a Caucasian.
However, there are many ethnicities within the Caucasian race e.g. Irish,
Welsh, German, French, Slovak etc. What differentiates these ethnic groups
from each other is their country of origin, language they speak, cultural
heritage and traditions, beliefs and rituals.


"Race relations" is one of the dominant themes in American politics from
time to time, and refers to relationships between the major race groups -
white, black, Latino and Asian. Note that use of the word "Asian" as a race
includes a vast variety of ethnicities such as Chinese, Japanese, Korean
and Vietnamese. America has also had a sometimes troubled history with
ethnic strife e.g. during the waves of Irish and Italian immigration to the
U.S. These immigrants were Caucasian but had a different ethnicity compared
to the Anglo Saxons who preceded them, and were forced to face ethnic



what is ethnicity

Ethnic group - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


** Ethnic group **

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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"Ethnicity" and "Peoples" redirect here. For other uses, see Ethnicity
(disambiguation) and Peoples (disambiguation).
With over 1.2 billion people, Han Chinese is the largest ethnic group in
the world.
Pashtun people of the Pashtunistan region, which sits in an area between
south of the Hindu Kush in Afghanistan and the Indus River in Pakistan.
They number around 50 million.
The Korowai people of Papua numbered just around 3,000 people, and were
uncontacted until the 1970s.

/Part of a series on/
Political and
legal anthropology
Basic concepts

* Status and rank

· Ascribed status
· Achieved status
· Social status
· Caste
· Age grade/Age set
· Leveling mechanism

* Leadership

· Big man
· Matriarchy
· Patriarchy
· Pantribal sodalities
· Chief
· Paramount chief

* Polities

· Band society
· Segmentary lineage
· Tribe
· Chiefdom
· House society
· *Ethnic group*
· Theatre state

* law and custom

· Customary law
· Legal culture

Case studies

* Acephelous
Societies without hierarchical leaders

· African Political Systems
· Papuan Big man system
· The Art of Not Being Governed

* State
Non-western state systems

· Negara
· Mandala

· Technology, Tradition,
and the State in Africa

* Legal systems

· Kapu

* Colonialism and resistance

· Europe and the People
Without History
· Cargo cult

Related articles

· Circumscription theory
· Legal anthropology
· Left right paradigm
· State formation
· Political Economy
· /Network Analysis and Ethnographic Problems/

Major theorists

· E. Adamson Hoebel
· Georges Balandier
· F.G. Bailey
· Fredrik Barth
· Jeremy Boissevain
· Robert Carneiro
· Henri J. M. Claessen
· Jean Comaroff
· John Comaroff
· Pierre Clastres


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