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Brain & Spine Foundation

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Home > Contact a nurse > How we can help

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· Online Q&A sessions

*Carers, family and friends*

Carers, family and friends

Read the transcript from our live online Q&A for carers!

Online Q&A

*Do you live in Kent?*

KentWe are trying to find out more about the needs of patients in the Kent

Could you help us develop new initiatives for people with neurological
conditions by taking 10 minutes to fill in a survey?

Do the survey

** How we can help **

Helpline nurseOur friendly and knowledgeable neuroscience nurses are here
to answer your questions and provide emotional support.  Anything that you
ask us or tell us is kept confidential. Here are some ways that we can

· Talk through any neurological symptom, investigation or condition, even
if it


what is epilepsy

Epilepsy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


** Epilepsy **

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Epileptic" redirects here. For the graphic novel, see Epileptic (graphic
"Epilepsia" redirects here. For the journal, see Epilepsia (journal).

/Classification and external resources/

Generalized 3 Hz spike and wave discharges in EEG
ICD-10 G40-G41
ICD-9 345
DiseasesDB 4366
MedlinePlus 000694
eMedicine neuro/415
MeSH D004827

*Epilepsy* is a common and diverse set of chronic neurological disorders
characterized by seizures.^[1]^[2] Some definitions of epilepsy require
that seizures be /recurrent/ and /unprovoked/,^[1]^[3]^[4] but others
require only a single seizure combined with brain alterations which
increase the chance of future seizures.^[5] In many cases a cause cannot be
identified; however, factors that are associated include brain trauma,
strokes, brain cancer, and drug and alcohol misuse among others.^[6]

Epileptic seizures result from abnormal, excessive or hypersynchronous
neuronal activity in the brain.^[5] About 50 million people worldwide have
epilepsy, and nearly 80% of epilepsy occurs in developing countries.^[3]
Epilepsy becomes more common as people age.^[7]^[8] Onset of new cases
occurs most frequently in infants and the elderly.^[9] As a consequence of
brain surgery, epileptic seizures may occur in recovering patients.

Epilepsy is usually controlled, but not cured, with medication. However,
more than 30% of people with epilepsy do not have seizure control even with
the best available medications. Surgery may be considered in difficult
cases.^[10]^[11] Not all epilepsy syndromes are lifelong – some forms
are confined to particular stages of childhood. Epilepsy should not be
understood as a single disorder, but rather as syndromic with vastly
divergent symptoms, all involving episodic abnormal electrical activity in
the brain and numerous seizures.^[12]


· 1 Signs and symptoms
· 2 Causes
· 3 Pathophysiology
· 4 Classification


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