Endometriosis: Causes, Symptoms & Treatments | LiveScience

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** Endometriosis: Causes, Symptoms & Treatments **

Amanda Chan, MyHealthNewsDaily Staff Writer
Date: 27 May 2013 Time: 07:20 PM ET

Endometriosis is a women's medical condition that occurs when the lining of
the uterus, called the endometrium, grows in other places, such as the
fallopian tubes, ovaries or along the pelvis. When that lining breaks down,
like the regular lining in the uterus that produces the menstruation, it
has nowhere to go. This causes cysts, heavy periods, severe cramps and even
infertility. More than 5 million women in the United States are affected by
this condition, according to the National Institute of Child Health and
Human Development.

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symptoms, treatment, fertility problems, causes
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*Causes & Symptoms*

The cause of endometriosis is unknown, but researchers have several
theories. One theory is that during menstruation, blood with endometrial
cells flows back into the fallopian tubes, according to the Mayo Clinic.
The cells are rooted there and grow a new lining. Another theory is that
the bloodstream carries endometrial cells throughout the body, while it's
also theorized that endometriosis is a genetic condition. Yet another
theory, according to the Mayo Clinic, is that abdominal cells that were
present since a woman's embryonic state retain their ability to become
endometrial cells.

The most common symptom of endometriosis is extreme cramping during
menstruation. This is due to internal bleeding from the lining being shed
inside the body, and can also lead to scar tissue formation and bowel
problems, according to the Endometriosis Association.

Women with the condition may also experience pain while having sex,
fatigue, painful urination or


Source: www.livescience.com/34722-endometriosis-causes-symptoms-treatments.html


what is endometriosis


Endometriosis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

--------------------

** Endometriosis **

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Endometriosis
/Classification and external resources/

ICD-10 N80
ICD-9 617.0
OMIM 131200
DiseasesDB 4269
MedlinePlus 000915
eMedicine med/3419 ped/677 emerg/165
MeSH D004715

*Endometriosis* is a gynecological medical condition in which cells from
the lining of the uterus (endometrium) appear and flourish outside the
uterine cavity, most commonly on the membrane which lines the abdominal
cavity. The uterine cavity is lined with endometrial cells, which are under
the influence of female hormones. Endometrial-like cells in areas outside
the uterus (endometriosis) are influenced by hormonal changes and respond
in a way that is similar to the cells found inside the uterus. Symptoms
often worsen with the menstrual cycle.

Endometriosis is typically seen during the reproductive years; it has been
estimated that endometriosis occurs in roughly 6–10% of women.^[1]
Symptoms may depend on the site of active endometriosis. Its main but not
universal symptom is pelvic pain in various manifestations. Endometriosis
is a common finding in women with infertility.^[1]

There is no cure for endometriosis, but it can be treated in a variety of
ways, including pain medication, hormonal treatments, and surgery.^[2]

*Contents*

· 1 Signs and symptoms

· 1.1 Pelvic pain
· 1.2 Fertility
· 1.3 Other
· 1.4 Complications

· 2 Risk factors

· 2.1 Environmental toxins
· 2.2 Genetics
· 2.3 Aging

· 3 Pathophysiology

· 3.1 Formation of ectopic endometrium

· 3.1.1 Retrograde menstruation
· 3.1.2 Other theories of endometrial formation

· 3.2 Localization

· 4 Diagnosis

· 4.1 Staging
· 4.2 Markers
· 4.3 Histopathology

· 5 Prevention
· 6 Management

· 6.1 Hormonal medication
· 6.2 Other


Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endometriosis

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