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what is diverticulitis

Diverticulitis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


** Diverticulitis **

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This article *needs additional citations for verification*. Please help
improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced
material may be challenged and removed. /(September 2012)/

/Classification and external resources/

Large bowel (sigmoid colon) showing multiple diverticula. The diverticula
appear on either side of the longitudinal muscle bundle (taenium).
ICD-10 K57
ICD-9 562
DiseasesDB 3876
MedlinePlus 000257
eMedicine med/578
MeSH D004238

*Diverticulitis* is a common digestive disease which involves the formation
of pouches (diverticula) within the bowel wall. This process is known as
diverticulosis, and typically occurs within the large intestine, or colon,
although it can occasionally occur in the small intestine as well.
Diverticulitis results when one of these diverticula becomes inflamed.


· 1 Signs and symptoms

· 1.1 Diverticulitis
· 1.2 Diverticulosis

· 2 Causes

· 2.1 Diet

· 3 Diagnosis

· 3.1 Differential diagnosis

· 4 Treatment

· 4.1 Surgery

· 4.1.1 Primary bowel resection
· 4.1.2 Bowel resection with colostomy

· 5 Complications
· 6 Epidemiology
· 7 Notable sufferers
· 8 References
· 9 External links

*Signs and symptoms[edit]*

Patients often present with the classic triad of left lower quadrant pain,
fever, and leukocytosis (an elevation of the white cell count in blood
tests). Patients may also complain of nausea or diarrhea; others may be

Less commonly, an individual with diverticulitis may present with
right-sided abdominal pain. This may be due to the less prevalent
right-sided diverticula or a very redundant sigmoid colon. Some patients
report bleeding from the rectum.


The most common symptom of diverticulitis is abdominal pain. The most
common sign is tenderness around the left side of the lower


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