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Diabetes mellitus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


** Diabetes mellitus **

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Diabetes" redirects here. For other uses, see Diabetes (disambiguation).

Diabetes mellitus
/Classification and external resources/

Universal blue circle symbol for diabetes.^[1]
ICD-10 E10–E14
ICD-9 250
MedlinePlus 001214
eMedicine med/546 emerg/134
MeSH /C18.452.394.750/

*Diabetes mellitus*, or simply *diabetes*, is a group of metabolic diseases
in which a person has high blood sugar, either because the pancreas does
not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin
that is produced.^[2] This high blood sugar produces the classical symptoms
of polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) and
polyphagia (increased hunger).

There are three main types of diabetes mellitus (DM).

· Type 1 DM results from the body's failure to produce insulin, and
currently requires the person to inject insulin or wear an insulin pump.
This form was previously referred to as "insulin-dependent diabetes
mellitus" (IDDM) or "juvenile diabetes".
· Type 2 DM results from insulin resistance, a condition in which cells
fail to use insulin properly, sometimes combined with an absolute insulin
deficiency. This form was previously referred to as non insulin-dependent
diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or "adult-onset diabetes".
· The third main form, gestational diabetes occurs when pregnant women
without a previous diagnosis of diabetes develop a high blood glucose
level. It may precede development of type 2 DM.

Other forms of diabetes mellitus include congenital diabetes, which is due
to genetic defects of insulin secretion, cystic fibrosis-related diabetes,
steroid diabetes induced by high doses of glucocorticoids, and several
forms of monogenic diabetes.

Untreated, diabetes can cause many complications. Acute complications
include diabetic ketoacidosis and nonketotic hyperosmolar coma. Serious
long-term complications include cardiovascular disease, chronic renal
failure, and diabetic retinopathy (retinal damage). Adequate treatment of

Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diabetes_mellitus

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