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** Civil engineering **

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Design of complex structures such as the ISS necessitates an in-depth
understanding of structural analysis

*Civil engineering* is a professional engineering discipline that deals
with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and
naturally built environment, including works like roads, bridges, canals,
dams, and buildings.^[1]^[2]^[3] Civil engineering is the second-oldest
engineering discipline after military engineering,^[4] and it is defined to
distinguish non-military engineering from military engineering.^[5] It is
traditionally broken into several sub-disciplines including environmental
engineering, geotechnical engineering, geophysics, geodesy, control
engineering, structural engineering, transportation engineering, earth
science, atmospheric sciences, forensic engineering, municipal or urban
engineering, water resources engineering, materials engineering, offshore
engineering, quantity surveying, coastal engineering,^[4]surveying, and
construction engineering.^[6] Civil engineering takes place in the public
sector from municipal through to national governments, and in the private
sector from individual homeowners through to international companies.


· 1 History of the civil engineering profession
· 2 History of civil engineering
· 3 The civil engineer

· 3.1 Education and licensure

· 4 Sub-disciplines

· 4.1 Materials science and engineering
· 4.2 Coastal engineering
· 4.3 Construction engineering
· 4.4 Earthquake engineering
· 4.5 Environmental engineering
· 4.6 Geotechnical engineering
· 4.7 Water resources engineering
· 4.8 Structural engineering
· 4.9 Surveying
· 4.10 Transportation engineering
· 4.11 Municipal or urban engineering
· 4.12 Forensic engineering
· 4.13 Control engineering

· 5 Civil engineering associations
· 6 See also
· 7 References


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