What is Biotechnology? | BIO

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Biotechnology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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** Biotechnology **

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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*Biotechnology* is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or
make useful products, or "any technological application that uses
biological systems, living organisms or derivatives thereof, to make or
modify products or processes for specific use" (UN Convention on Biological
Diversity, Art. 2).^[1] Depending on the tools and applications, it often
overlaps with the (related) fields of bioengineering and biomedical
engineering.

For thousands of years, humankind has used biotechnology in agriculture,
food production, and medicine.^[2] The term itself is largely believed to
have been coined in 1919 by Hungarian engineer Károly Ereky. In the late
20th and early 21st century, biotechnology has expanded to include new and
diverse sciences such as genomics, recombinant gene technologies, applied
immunology, and development of pharmaceutical therapies and diagnostic
tests.^[3]

*Contents*

· 1 Definitions of /biotechnology/
· 2 History
· 3 Applications

· 3.1 Medicine
· 3.2 Agriculture
· 3.3 Industrial biotechnology
· 3.4 Regulation

· 4 Education
· 5 See also
· 6 References and notes
· 7 Further reading
· 8 External links

*Definitions of /biotechnology/*

The concept of 'biotech' or 'biotechnology' encompasses a wide range of
procedures (and history) for modifying living organisms according to human
purposes going back to domestication of animals, cultivation of plants, and
"improvements" to these through breeding programs that employ artificial
selection and hybridization. Modern usage also includes genetic engineering
as well as cell and tissue culture technologies. Biotechnology is defined
by the American Chemical Society as the application of biological
organisms, systems, or processes by various industries to learning about
the science of life and the improvement of the value of materials and
organisms


Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biotechnology

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