Bar form - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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** Bar form **

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For the electronics form factor, see Bar (form).

*Bar form* (German: /die Barform/ or /der Bar/) is a musical form of the
pattern AAB.

*Original use[edit]*

The term comes from the rigorous terminology of the Meistersinger guilds of
the 15th to 18th century who used it to refer to their songs and the songs
of the predecessors, the minnesingers of the 12th to 14th century. In their
work, a /Bar/ is not a single stanza (which they called a /Liet/ or
/Gesätz/); rather, it is the whole song. The word /Bar/ is most likely a
shortening of /Barat/, denoting a skillful thrust in fencing. The term was
used to refer to a particularly artful song – the type one composes in
songwriters' guilds.

The AAB pattern does, however, describe each stanza in a Meistersinger's
/Bar/, which is divided into two /Stollen/ (A), which are collectively
termed the /Aufgesang/, followed by an /Abgesang/. The musical form thus
contains two repetitions of one melody (/Stollen/ - 'stanzas') followed by
a different melody (/Abgesang/ - 'aftersong'). One such tune (/Ton/ in
Meistersinger terminology) by Hans Folz (c1437-1513) illustrates this:
Vielchenweise.svg

Note that the B section is not necessarily the same length as each A
section. The B section can also incorporate parts of the A section's
phrase: in the above example, the final 14 notes of the B section match the
final 14 notes of each A section (see also Rundkanzone). In this example,
the 17 never-repeated notes starting the B section would have been called a
/Steg/ by the Meistersingers: literally, "bridge"; whence comes the term
for a contrasting section in popular music.

*Modern use[edit]*

Composer Richard Wagner in act


Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bar_form


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