What Are Shin Splints? What Causes Shin Splints?

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Source: www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/242169.php


what are shin splints


Shin splints - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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** Shin splints **

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search


This article *may be too technical for most readers to understand*. Please
help improve this article to make it understandable to non-experts, without
removing the technical details. The talk page may contain suggestions.
/(June 2011)/

*Medial tibial stress syndrome* (MTSS), *tibial periostitis* or *shin
splints* is a common injury that affects athletes who engage in running
sports or physical activity. This condition is characterized by pain in the
lower part of the leg between the knee and the ankle. MTSS injuries are
caused by repeated trauma to the connective muscle tissue surrounding the
tibia. Ignoring this injury may result in a more serious condition such as
a stress fracture or breakage of the bones.

*Contents*

· 1 Causes and epidemiology
· 2 Diagnosis
· 3 Treatment
· 4 Notes

*Causes and epidemiology[edit]*

Shin splints, known as /medial tibial stress syndrome/ (MTSS), can usually
be attributed to overloading the muscles of the lower extremities or to
biomechanical irregularities. If an athlete begins running a lot after not
running for a long period of time, it puts excess stress on the muscles,
causing shin splints. Muscle imbalance, including weak core muscles, can
cause lower-extremity injuries, and inflexibility and tightness of the
gastrocnemius, soleus, and plantar muscles (commonly the flexor digitorum
longus) may contribute, as well.^[1] Increasing activity, intensity, and
duration too quickly leads to shin splints because the tendons and muscles
are unable to absorb the impact of the shock force as they become fatigued;
also, the tibial bone-remodeling capabilities are overloaded. The pain
associated with MTSS is caused from a disruption of Sharpey's fibres that
connect the medial soleus fascia through the periosteum of the tibia where
it inserts


Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shin_splints

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