What are robots?
Robot - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
** Robot **
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This article is about mechanical robots. For software agents, see Bot. For
other uses of the term, see Robot (disambiguation).
ASIMO (2000) at the Expo 2005, a bipedal humanoid robot.
Articulated welding robots used in a factory, a type of industrial robot.
The quadrupedal military robot Cheetah, an evolution of BigDog (pictured),
was clocked as the world's fastest legged robot in 2012, beating the record
set by an MIT bipedal robot in 1989.^
A *robot* is a mechanical or virtual artificial agent, usually an
electro-mechanical machine that is guided by a computer program or
electronic circuitry. Robots can be autonomous or semi-autonomous and range
from humanoids such as Honda's /Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility/
(ASIMO) and TOSY's /TOSY Ping Pong Playing Robot/ (TOPIO) to industrial
robots, medical operating robots, patent assist robots, dog therapy robots,
collectively programmed /swarm/ robots, UAV drones such as General Atomics
MQ-1 Predator, and even microscopic nano robots. By mimicking a lifelike
appearance or automating movements, a robot may convey a sense of
intelligence or thought of its own.
The branch of technology that deals with the design, construction,
operation, and application of robots,^ as well as computer systems for
their control, sensory feedback, and information processing is robotics.
These technologies deal with automated machines that can take the place of
humans in dangerous environments or manufacturing processes, or resemble
humans in appearance, behavior, and/or cognition. Many of today's robots
are inspired by nature contributing to the field of bio-inspired robotics.
These robots have also created a newer branch of robotics: soft robotics.
From the time of ancient civilization there have been many accounts of
user-configurable automated devices and even automata resembling animals
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