what are primary source documents


Primary source - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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** Primary source **

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For Wikipedia's policy on the use of primary sources, see WP:PRIMARY.
Not to be confused with Primary sector or Primary research.
This wall painting found in the Roman city of Pompeii is an example of a
primary source about people in Pompeii in Roman times. (Portrait of Paquius
Proculo)

*Primary sources* are original materials that have not been altered or
distorted in any way. Yay^[1] In the study of history as an academic
discipline, a primary source (also called *original source* or *evidence*)
is an artifact, a document, a recording, or other source of information
that was created at the time under study. It serves as an original source
of information about the topic. Similar definitions are used in library
science, and other areas of scholarship, although different fields have
somewhat different definitions.^[2] In journalism, a primary source can be
a person with direct knowledge of a situation, or a document written by
such a person.

Primary sources are distinguished from secondary sources, which cite,
comment on, or build upon primary sources. Generally, accounts written
after the fact with the benefit of hindsight are secondary.^[3] A secondary
source may also be a primary source depending on how it is used.^[4] For
example, a memoir would be considered a primary source in research
concerning its author or about his or her friends characterized within it,
but the same memoir would be a secondary source if it were used to examine
the culture in which its author lived.^[5] "Primary" and "secondary" should
be understood as relative terms, with sources categorized according to
specific historical contexts and what is being
studied.^[6]^:118–246^[7]

*Contents*

· 1 The significance of source


Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primary_source

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