What Are Fibroids? What Are The Treatments For Fibroids?

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Source: www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/151405.php


what are fibroids


Uterine fibroid - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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** Uterine fibroid **

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Uterine fibroids
/Classification and external resources/

Uterine Fibroids
ICD-10 D25
ICD-9 218.9
OMIM 150699
DiseasesDB 4806
MedlinePlus 000914
eMedicine radio/777
MeSH D007889

A *uterine fibroid* is a leiomyoma (benign (non-cancerous) tumor from
smooth muscle tissue) that originates from the smooth muscle layer
(myometrium) of the uterus. Fibroids are often multiple and garner the
designation of /diffuse uterine leiomyomatosis/ if they are randomly
located and many in numbers. There is a malignant form of a fibroid and
fibroids can rarely (0.1-0.5%), undergo malignant degeneration into
leiomyosarcoma. Additionally there are rare forms of fibroids where the
lesions are capable of metastasising without malignant transformation and
this process is called benign metastasising leiomyoma.

Other common names are *uterine leiomyoma*,^[1]*myoma*, *fibromyoma*,
*fibroleiomyoma*.

Fibroids are the most common benign tumors in females and typically found
during the middle and later reproductive years. While most fibroids are
asymptomatic, they can grow and cause heavy and painful menstruation,
painful sexual intercourse, and urinary frequency and urgency. Some
fibroids may interfere with pregnancy although this appears to be very
rare.^[2]

In the United States, symptoms caused by uterine fibroids are a very
frequent indication for hysterectomy.^[3]

*Contents*

· 1 Signs and symptoms
· 2 Pathophysiology

· 2.1 Location and classification

· 2.1.1 Extrauterine fibroids of uterine origin, metastatic fibroids

· 2.2 Pathogenesis

· 3 Diagnosis

· 3.1 Coexisting disorders

· 4 Treatment

· 4.1 Medication
· 4.2 Uterine artery embolization
· 4.3 Uterine artery ligation
· 4.4 Radio frequency ablation
· 4.5 Myomectomy
· 4.6 Hysterectomy
· 4.7 Endometrial ablation
· 4.8 Magnetic resonance guided focused ultrasound

·


Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uterine_fibroid

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