1. What are drones? « Drone Wars UK

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** 1. What are drones? **

This article, written by Chris Cole and Jim Wright, was originally
published in Peace News in January 2010

*What are Drones?*

Predator drone firing missile

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVS), also known as drones, are aircraft either
controlled by ‘pilots’ from the ground or increasingly, autonomously
following a pre-programmed mission. (While there are dozens of different
types of drones, they basically fall into two categories: those that are
used for reconnaissance and surveillance purposes and those that are armed
with missiles and bombs. The

use of drones has grown quickly in recent years because unlike manned
aircraft they can stay aloft for many hours (Zephyr a British drone under
development has just broken the world record by flying for over 82 hours
nonstop); they are much cheaper than military aircraft and they are flown
remotely so there is no danger to the flight crew.

While the British and US Reaper and Predator drones are physically in
Afghanistan and Iraq, control is via satellite from Nellis and Creech USAF
base outside Las Vegas, Nevada. Ground crews launch drones from the
conflict zone, then operation is handed over to controllers at video
screens in specially designed trailers in the Nevada desert. One person
‘flies’ the drone, another operates and monitors the cameras and
sensors, while a third person is in contact with the “customers”,
ground troops and commanders in the war zone. While armed drones were first
used in the Balkans war, their use has dramatically escalated in
Afghanistan, Iraq


Source: dronewars.net/aboutdrone/


what are drones


Unmanned aerial vehicle - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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** Unmanned aerial vehicle **

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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"UAV" redirects here. For the entertainment company, see UAV Corporation.
For the veterans' organization, see Ukrainian American Veterans.
For other uses of the word "unmanned", see Unmanned.

Globe icon.
The examples and perspective in this article *may not represent a
worldwide view of the subject*. Please improve this article and discuss the
issue on the talk page. /(November 2012)/

A group photo of aerial demonstrators at the 2005 Naval Unmanned Aerial
Vehicle Air Demo.

An *unmanned aerial vehicle* (*UAV*), colloquially known as a *drone*, is
an aircraft without a human pilot on board. Its flight is controlled either
autonomously by computers in the vehicle or under the remote control of a
pilot on the ground or in another vehicle.^[1]

There are a wide variety of UAV shapes, sizes, configurations, and
characteristics. Historically, UAVs were simple remotely piloted aircraft,
but autonomous control is increasingly being employed.^[2]

They are deployed predominantly for military and special operation
applications, but also used in a small but growing number of civil
applications, such as policing and firefighting, and nonmilitary security
work, such as surveillance of pipelines. UAVs are often preferred for
missions that are too "dull, dirty, and dangerous" for manned aircraft.^[3]

*Contents*

· 1 History
· 2 FAA designation
· 3 Classification

· 3.1 Classifications by the United States military

· 3.1.1 U.S. Air Force tiers
· 3.1.2 U.S. Marine Corps tiers
· 3.1.3 U.S. Army tiers
· 3.1.4 Future Combat Systems (FCS) (U.S. Army) classes
· 3.1.5 Conversions or variants of existing manned aircraft
· 3.1.6 Unmanned aircraft system

·


Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unmanned_aerial_vehicle

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