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· What Are Carbs? How They Work (and How to Get Them to Work for You)

** What Are Carbs? How They Work (and How to Get Them to Work for You) **

Most people view carbohydrates as "evil" foods. Found in breads, pastas,
cereals, and almost everything sweet, carbohydrates receive a bad
reputation for causing weight gain. In reality, carbohydrates provide
energy your body needs to help you function throughout the day. They are
the fuel that keeps your body moving, similar to the way gas functions for
a car.

Scientifically, carbohydrates are organic compounds that contain a
saccharide (sugars). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
describes carbohydrates as foods that your body uses to make glucose.
Specifically, amylase (an enzyme in your body) breaks down the
carbohydrates you eat to produce glucose, giving you energy. Glucose can be
used right away (as seen in diabetics or long distance runners), or your
body may store it for use later. There are 2 different types of
carbohydrates: simple and complex.

*Simple Carbohydrates*

Simple carbohydrates are typically digested and absorbed faster in the
body. They are more commonly known as sugars and are found naturally in
fruit, vegetables and milk products. You will also see simple carbohydrates
in processed foods such as candy, cookies and soda. Added sugars should

Source: www.fitday.com/fitness-articles/nutrition/calories/what-are-carbs-how-they-work-and-how-to-get-them-to-work-for-you.html

what are carbs

Carbohydrate - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


** Carbohydrate **

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Lactose is a disaccharide found in milk. It consists of a molecule of
D-galactose and a molecule of D-glucose bonded by beta-1-4 glycosidic
linkage. It has a formula of C[12]H[22]O[11].

A *carbohydrate* is an organic compound that consists only of carbon,
hydrogen, and oxygen, usually with a hydrogen:oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as
in water); in other words, with the empirical formula C[/m/](H[2]O)[/n/]
(where /m/ could be different from /n/).^[1] Some exceptions exist; for
example, deoxyribose, a sugar component of DNA,^[2] has the empirical
formula C[5]H[10]O[4].^[3] Carbohydrates are technically hydrates of
carbon;^[4] structurally it is more accurate to view them as polyhydroxy
aldehydes and ketones.^[5]

The term is most common in biochemistry, where it is a synonym of
*saccharide*. The carbohydrates (saccharides) are divided into four
chemical groupings: monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and
polysaccharides. In general, the monosaccharides and disaccharides, which
are smaller (lower molecular weight) carbohydrates, are commonly referred
to as sugars.^[6] The word /saccharide/ comes from the Greek word
/σάκχαρον/ (/sákkharon/), meaning "sugar." While
the scientific nomenclature of carbohydrates is complex, the names of the
monosaccharides and disaccharides very often end in the suffix -ose. For
example, grape sugar is the monosaccharide glucose, cane sugar is the
disaccharide sucrose, and milk sugar is the disaccharide lactose (see

Carbohydrates perform numerous roles in living organisms. Polysaccharides
serve for the storage of energy (e.g., starch and glycogen), and as
structural components (e.g., cellulose in plants and chitin in arthropods).
The 5-carbon monosaccharide ribose is an important component of coenzymes
(e.g., ATP, FAD, and NAD) and the backbone of the genetic molecule known as
RNA. The related deoxyribose is a component of

Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbohydrate

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