Android (operating system) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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** Android (operating system) **

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Android robot 2014.svg
Android logo (2014).svg
Android 6.0-en.pngAndroid 6.0 home screen
Developer · Google
· Open Handset Alliance

Written in C (core), C++, Java (UI)^[1]
OS family Unix-like
Working state Current
Source model Open source^[2] and in most devices with proprietary
Initial release September 23, 2008; 7 years ago (2008-09-23)^[4]
Latest release 6.0 "Marshmallow" / October 5, 2015; 59 days
ago (2015-10-05)
Marketing target Smartphones, tablet computers, TVs, cars and wearable
Available in 70 languages^[a]
Package manager Google Play, APK
Platforms 32- and 64-bit: ARM architectures, x86,^[5]x86-64, MIPS^[6] and
Kernel type Monolithic (modified Linux kernel)
Userland Bionic libc,^[7]mksh shell,^[8] native core utilities with a few
from NetBSD^[9]
Default user interface Graphical (Multi-touch)
License Apache License 2.0
GNU GPL v2 for the Linux kernel modifications^[10]
Official website

*Android* is a mobile operating system (OS) currently developed by Google,
based on the Linux kernel and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile
devices such as smartphones and tablets. Android's user interface is mainly
based on direct manipulation, using touch gestures that loosely correspond
to real-world actions, such as swiping, tapping and pinching, to manipulate
on-screen objects, along with a virtual keyboard for text input. In
addition to touchscreen devices, Google has further developed Android TV
for televisions, Android Auto for cars, and Android Wear for wrist watches,
each with a specialized user interface. Variants of Android are also used
on notebooks, game consoles, digital cameras, and other electronics. As of
2015^[update], Android has the largest installed base of all operating

Initially developed by Android, Inc., which Google bought in 2005,^[12]
Android was unveiled


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