All About Adenoids

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All About Adenoids

** All About Adenoids **

KidsHealth> Kids> Illnesses & Injuries> I Feel Sick!> All About Adenoids

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*What's in this article?* (click to view)

· What Are Adenoids?
· When Adenoids Swell
· What Will the Doctor Do?
· When Adenoids Come Out

 





Adenoids and tonsils are often talked about together. You can see your
tonsils in the back of your throat, but where are your adenoids? For that
matter, what are your adenoids? Let's find out.

-What Are Adenoids?-

The *adenoids* (say: ADD-eh-noids) are a patch of tissue that protects kids
from getting sick. They sit in the back of the nasal cavity.

Although you can easily see your tonsils by standing in front of a mirror
and opening your mouth wide, you can't see your adenoids this way. Like
tonsils, adenoids help keep your body healthy by trapping harmful bacteria
and viruses that you breathe in or swallow.

Adenoids do important work as infection fighters for babies and little
kids. But they become less important once a kid gets older and the body
develops other ways to fight


Source: kidshealth.org/kid/ill_injure/sick/adenoids.html


what are adenoids


Adenoid - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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** Adenoid **

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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This article *needs additional citations for verification*. Please help
improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced
material may be challenged and removed. /(November 2007)/

/Pharyngeal tonsil/
Gray994-adenoid.png
Location of the adenoid
Latin /tonsilla pharyngea/
MeSH /Adenoid/

The *adenoid*, also known as a *pharyngeal tonsil* or *nasopharyngeal
tonsil*, is a mass of lymphatic tissue situated posterior to the nasal
cavity, in the roof of the nasopharynx, where the nose blends into the
throat. Normally, in children, it forms a soft mound in the roof and
posterior wall of the nasopharynx, just above and behind the uvula.

*Contents*

· 1 Histology
· 2 Pathology

· 2.1 Adenoid faces
· 2.2 Removal

· 3 See also
· 4 References
· 5 External links

*Histology [edit]*

The adenoid, unlike other types of tonsils, has pseudostratified columnar
ciliated epithelium.^[1] It also differs from the other tonsil types by
lacking crypts. The adenoid is often removed along with the palatine
tonsils.

*Pathology [edit]*

An enlarged adenoid, or adenoid hypertrophy, can become nearly the size of
a ping pong ball and completely block airflow through the nasal passages.
Even if the enlarged adenoid is not substantial enough to physically block
the back of the nose, it can obstruct airflow enough so that breathing
through the nose requires an uncomfortable amount of work, and inhalation
occurs instead through an open mouth. The enlarged adenoid can also
obstruct the nasal airway enough to affect the voice without actually
stopping nasal airflow altogether.

-Adenoid faces [edit]-

Enlargement of the adenoid, especially in children, causes an atypical
appearance of the face, often referred to as /adenoid face/.^[/citation
needed/] Features of adenoid faces include mouth


Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adenoid

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