Japanese Sign Language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


** Japanese Sign Language **

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Japanese Sign Language
Native to Japan
Native speakers 320,000  (1986)^[1]
Language family Japanese Sign Language family

· *Japanese Sign Language*

Official status
Regulated by Japanese Federation of the Deaf
Language codes
ISO 639-3 jsl

*Japanese Sign Language* (日本手話, /Nihon Shuwa/^?), also
known by the acronym *JSL*, is the dominant sign language in Japan.


· 1 History

· 1.1 Japanese Sign Language interpreters

· 2 Elements of Japanese Sign Language (JSL)
· 3 Examples of JSL signs
· 4 Other sign languages in use in Japan
· 5 Diffusion of JSL among the hearing
· 6 Use in films and television
· 7 See also
· 8 Notes
· 9 References
· 10 External links


Little is known about sign language and the deaf community before the Edo
period. In 1862, the Tokugawa shogunate dispatched envoys to various
European schools for the deaf. The first school for the deaf was not
established until 1878 in Kyōto.

It was not until 1948 that deaf children were required to attend school to
receive a formal education.^[2]

In the second half of the 20th century, a subtle cultural change in views
about the Deaf in Japan evolved. The long-standing concept that "deaf" only
means "people who can't hear" emphasized a physical impairment as part of a
biomedical disease model; however, this was gradually replaced by a
slightly different paradigm. "Deaf people" were more often identified as
"people who use Japanese sign language". In other words, the biomedical
disability model began slowly to be displaced by a social-cultural or JSL

The Japanese Federation of the Deaf has worked with slow success in efforts

Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_Sign_Language

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