Female genital mutilation (FGM) frequently asked questions | UNFPA - United

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Home Female genital mutilation (FGM) frequently asked questions

** Female genital mutilation (FGM) frequently asked questions **

December 2015
*Author:* UNFPA


What is female genital mutilation (FGM)?
How many women and girls are affected?
How does FGM affect the health of women and girls?
What are the consequences for childbirth?
Is there a link between FGM and the risk of HIV infection?
What are the psychological effects of FGM?
What are the different types of FGM?
Which types are most


Source: www.unfpa.org/resources/female-genital-mutilation-fgm-frequently-asked-questions


is there female circumcision


Female genital mutilation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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** Female genital mutilation **

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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"FGM" redirects here. For other uses, see FGM (disambiguation).

Billboard with surgical tools covered by a red X. Sign reads: STOP FEMALE
CIRCUMCISION. IT IS DANGEROUS TO WOMEN'S HEALTH. FAMILY PLANNING
ASSOCIATION OF UGANDARoad sign near Kapchorwa, Uganda, 2004
Definition Defined in 1997 by the WHO, UNICEF and UNFPA as the "partial or
total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the
female genital organs for non-medical reasons."^[1]
Areas Concentrated in 27 countries in Africa, as well as in Indonesia,
Iraqi Kurdistan and Yemen^[2]^:5^[3]
Numbers Over 200 million women and girls in those 30 countries, as of
2016^[3]
Age Days after birth to puberty^[2]^:50
Prevalence
Ages 15–49
Source: UNICEF, February 2016^[3]

· Somalia (98%)
· Guinea (97%)
· Djibouti (93%)
· Sierra Leone (90%)
· Mali (89%)
· Egypt (87%)
· Sudan (87%)
· Eritrea (83%)
· Burkina Faso (76%)
· Gambia (75%)
· Ethiopia (74%)
· Mauritania (69%)
· Liberia (50%)
· Guinea-Bissau (45%)




· Chad (44%)
· Côte d'Ivoire (38%)
· Nigeria (25%)
· Senegal (25%)
· Central African Republic (24%)
· Kenya (21%)
· Yemen (19%)
· United Republic of Tanzania (15%)
· Benin (9%)
· Iraq (8%)
· Togo (5%)
· Ghana (4%)
· Niger (2%)
· Uganda (1%)
· Cameroon (1%)

Ages 0–14
Source: UNICEF, February 2016^[3]

· Gambia (56%)
· Mauritania (54%)
· Indonesia (49%, 0–11)
· Guinea (46%)
· Eritrea (33%)
· Sudan (32%)
· Guinea-Bissau (30%)
· Ethiopia (24%)
· Nigeria (17%)
· Yemen (15%)
· Egypt (14%)
· Burkina Faso (13%)
· Sierra Leone (13%)
· Senegal (13%)
· Côte d'Ivoire (10%)


Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Female_genital_mutilation

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