Japanese history textbook controversies - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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** Japanese history textbook controversies **

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*Japanese history textbook controversies* refers to controversial content
in government-approved history textbooks used in the secondary education
(junior high schools and high schools) of Japan. The controversies
primarily concern what some international observers perceive to be Japanese
nationalist efforts to whitewash the actions of the Empire of Japan during
World War II.^[1]^[2]

Also at issue is the constitutionality of the governmentally-approved
textbook depictions of World War II, Japanese war crimes, and Japanese
imperialism during the first half of the 20th century. The history textbook
controversies have been an issue of deep concern both domestically and
internationally, particularly in countries which were victims of Imperial
Japan during the war.

Despite the efforts of the nationalist textbook reformers, by the late
1990s the most common Japanese schoolbooks contained references to, for
instance, the Nanking Massacre, Unit 731, and the comfort women of World
War II,^[2] all historical issues which have faced challenges from
ultranationalists in the past.^[3] The most recent of the controversial
textbooks, the /New History Textbook/, published in 2000, was shunned by
"nearly all of Japan's school districts".^[2]

*Contents*

· 1 Textbook authorization system
· 2 Textbook screening
· 3 Major controversies

· 3.1 "Ureubeki Kyōkasho" issue (1955)
· 3.2 "Section F" purge
· 3.3 Ienaga v. Japan (1965–1997)
· 3.4 Neighboring Country Clause
· 3.5 New History Textbook
· 3.6 Comfort women comments
· 3.7 2007 passage change on forced World War II suicides
· 3


Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_history_textbook_controversies


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