Porcelain - Wikipedia


** Porcelain **

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the ceramic material. For other uses, see Porcelain
"China (pottery)" redirects here. For pottery historically made in China,
see Chinese ceramics.
Ming Dynasty Xuande archaic porcelain vase, early 15th century
Nymphenburg porcelain group modelled by Franz Anton Bustelli, 1756

*Porcelain* /ˈpɔːrsəlᵻn, ˈpɔːrslᵻn/ is a
ceramic material made by heating materials, generally including kaolin, in
a kiln to temperatures between 1,200 and 1,400 Â°C (2,200 and
2,600 Â°F). The toughness, strength, and translucence of porcelain,
relative to other types of pottery, arises mainly from vitrification and
the formation of the mineral mullite within the body at these high

Porcelain was first developed in China around 2,000 years ago, then slowly
spread to other East Asian countries, and finally Europe and the rest of
the world. Its manufacturing process is more demanding than that for
earthenware and stoneware, the two other main types of pottery, and it has
usually been regarded as the most prestigious type of pottery for its
delicacy, strength, and its white colour. It combines well with both glazes
and paint, and can be modelled very well, allowing a huge range of
decorative treatments in tablewares, vessels and figurines. It also has
many uses in technology and industry.

The European name, porcelain in English, come from the old Italian
/porcellana/ (cowrie shell) because of its resemblance to the translucent
surface of the shell.^[1] Porcelain is also referred to as *china* or *fine
china* in some English-speaking countries, as it was first seen in imports
from China.^[2]Properties associated with porcelain include low
permeability and elasticity; considerable strength, hardness, toughness,
whiteness, translucency and resonance; and a high resistance to chemical
attack and thermal shock

Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Porcelain

how is porcelain made

© 2005-2018 HaveYourSay.org