STD Facts - Genital Herpes

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** Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) **


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*Genital Herpes - CDC Fact Sheet*

*Basic Fact Sheet*Detailed Version

· What is it?
· How common is it?
· How do people get it?
· Symptoms
· Complications
· Diagnosis
· Treatment
· Prevention

Collage of people and the herpes virus. You can get genital herpes even if
your partner shows no signs of the infection

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This fact sheet now includes options for additional content.

-What is genital herpes?-

Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the herpes
simplex viruses type 1 (HSV-1) or type 2 (HSV-2).

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-How common is genital herpes?-

CDC estimates that, annually, 776,000 people in the United States get new
herpes infections. Genital herpes infection is common in the United States.
Nationwide, 16.2%, or about one out of six, people aged 14 to 49 years have
genital HSV-2 infection. Over the past decade, the percentage of persons
with genital herpes infection in the United States has remained stable.

Transmission from an infected male to his female partner is more likely
than from an infected female to


how is herpes transmitted

Herpes simplex - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


** Herpes simplex **

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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"Herpes" redirects here. For the virus that causes herpes simplex, see
Herpes simplex virus. For all types of herpes viruses, see Herpesviridae.

Herpes simplex
/Classification and external resources/

Herpes labialis of the lower lip. Note the blisters in a group marked by an
ICD-10 A60, B00, G05.1, P35.2
ICD-9 054.0, 054.1, 054.2, 054.3, 771.2
DiseasesDB 5841 33021
eMedicine med/1006
MeSH D006561

*Herpes simplex* (Greek: ἕρπης /herpēs/, "creeping" or
"latent") is a viral disease from the /herpesviridae/ family caused by both
Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2). Infection with the
herpes virus is categorized into one of several distinct disorders based on
the site of infection. Oral herpes, the visible symptoms of which are
colloquially called /cold sores/ or /fever blisters/, is an infection of
the face or mouth. Oral herpes is the most common form of infection.
Genital herpes, known simply as /herpes/, is the second most common form of
herpes. Other disorders such as herpetic whitlow, herpes gladiatorum,
ocular herpes, cerebral herpes infection encephalitis, Mollaret's
meningitis, neonatal herpes, and possibly Bell's palsy are all caused by
herpes simplex viruses.

Herpes viruses cycle between periods of active disease—presenting as
blisters containing infectious virus particles—that last 2–21
days, followed by a remission period. Genital herpes, however, is often
asymptomatic, though viral shedding may still occur. After initial
infection, the viruses are transported along sensory nerves to the sensory
nerve cell bodies, where they become latent and reside lifelong. Causes of
recurrence are uncertain, though some potential triggers have been
identified, including immunosuppressant drugs. The previously latent virus
then multiplies new virus particles in the nerve cell and these


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