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** Guy Fawkes **

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This article is about the historical figure. For other uses, see Guy Fawkes

Gunpowder Plot
Guy Fawkes
Black-and-white drawingGeorge Cruikshank's illustration of Guy Fawkes,
published in William Harrison Ainsworth's 1840 novel
Parents Edward Fawkes, Edith (/née/ Blake or Jackson)
Born 13 April 1570 (presumed)
York, England
Alias(es) Guido Fawkes, John Johnson
Occupation Soldier; Alférez
Role Explosives
Enlisted 20 May 1604
Captured 5 November 1605
Conviction(s) High treason
Penalty Hanged, drawn and quartered
Died 31 January 1606 (aged 35)
Westminster, London, England
Cause Hanged

*Guy Fawkes* (/ˈɡaɪ ˈfɔːks/; 13 April 1570 â€“ 31
January 1606),^[a] also known as *Guido Fawkes*, the name he adopted while
fighting for the Spanish, was a member of a group of provincial English
Catholics who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605.

Fawkes was born and educated in York. His father died when Fawkes was eight
years old, after which his mother married a recusant Catholic. Fawkes
converted to Catholicism and left for the continent, where he fought in the
Eighty Years' War on the side of Catholic Spain against Protestant Dutch
reformers in the Low Countries. He travelled to Spain to seek support for a
Catholic rebellion in England without success. He later met Thomas Wintour,
with whom he returned to England.

Wintour introduced Fawkes to Robert Catesby, who planned to assassinate
King James I and restore a Catholic monarch to the throne. The plotters
leased an undercroft beneath the House of Lords, and Fawkes was placed in
charge of the gunpowder they stockpiled there. Prompted by the receipt of
an anonymous letter, the authorities searched Westminster Palace during


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