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Ginseng - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
** Ginseng **
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This article is about the plant species. For the town, see Ginseng,
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/Panax quinquefolius/ foliage and fruit
*Ginseng* (/ËdÊÉªnsÉÅ/^) is any one of the 11 species of
slow-growing perennial plants with fleshy roots, belonging to the genus
/Panax/ of the family Araliaceae.
Ginseng is found in North America and in eastern Asia (mostly Korea,
northeast China, Bhutan, eastern Siberia), typically in cooler climates.
/Panax vietnamensis/, discovered in Vietnam, is the southernmost ginseng
known. This article focuses on the series /Panax/ ginsengs, which are the
adaptogenic herbs, principally /Panax ginseng/ and /P. quinquefolius/.
Ginseng is characterized by the presence of ginsenosides and gintonin.
Siberian ginseng (/Eleutherococcus senticosus/) is in the same family, but
not genus, as true ginseng. Like ginseng, it is considered to be an
adaptogenic herb. The active compounds in Siberian ginseng are
eleutherosides, not ginsenosides. Instead of a fleshy root, Siberian
ginseng has a woody root.
· 1 Etymology
· 2 Economics
· 3 Medicinal uses
· 4 Research
· 5 Safety
· 5.1 Considerations
· 5.2 Side effects
· 5.3 Interactions
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