Flour - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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** Flour **

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For other uses, see Flour (disambiguation).
Three different kinds of wheat and rye flour

*Flour* is a powder which is made by grinding cereal grains, or other seeds
or roots (like Cassava). It is the main ingredient of bread, which is a
staple food for many cultures, making the availability of adequate supplies
of flour a major economic and political issue at various times throughout
history. Wheat flour is one of the most important foods in European, North
American, Middle Eastern, Indian and North African cultures, and is the
defining ingredient in most of their styles of breads and pastries.

While wheat is the most common base for flour, maize flour has been
important in Mesoamerican cuisine since ancient times, and remains a staple
throughout the Americas. Rye flour is an important constituent of bread in
much of central Europe, and rice can also be used in flour, though this is
relatively uncommon.

*Contents*

· 1 Etymology
· 2 History

· 2.1 Degermed and heat-processed flour
· 2.2 Production

· 3 Modern mills
· 4 Composition

· 4.1 Unbleached flour
· 4.2 Bleached flour
· 4.3 Plain flour
· 4.4 Self-rising flour
· 4.5 Enriched flour
· 4.6 Common preservatives sometimes added to commercial flour

· 5 Types

· 5.1 Wheat flour
· 5.2 Other flours

· 5.2.1 More types of flour

· 6 Flour type numbers
· 7 Flammability
· 8 Products
· 9 References
· 10 External links

*Etymology[edit]*

The English word for "flour" is originally a variant of the word "flower".
Both derive from the Old French /fleur/ or /flour/, which had the literal
meaning "blossom


Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flour


how is flour made

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