How the Easter Date is Determined

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** How the Easter Date is Determined **

Illustration image

An Easter Sunday date in the calendar.


Easter Sunday celebrates the Christian belief of Jesus Christ's
resurrection.The Easter date is set around the time of the March Equinox.

*Setting the Easter Date*

The March equinox coincides with Easter Sunday and holidays that are
related to it. These holidays do not fall on a fixed date in the Gregorian
calendar, or the Julian calendar, which is still used by many Orthodox
Christian churches.

The dates of many Christian holidays depend on the Easter date. Some of
these holidays include:

· Palm Sunday
· Good Friday
· Easter Sunday
· Ascension Day
· Pentecost/Whitsunday.

According to the Bible, Jesus’ death and resurrection occurred around the
time of the Jewish Passover, which was celebrated on the first full moon
following the vernal equinox.

This soon led to Christians celebrating Easter on different dates. At the
end of the 2nd century, some churches celebrated Easter on the day of the
Passover, while others celebrated it on the following Sunday.

Earliest Easter Dates from 1753 - 2400.

Gregorian Calendar Julian Calendar
March 22, 1761 April 3, 1763
March 22, 1818 April 4, 1790
March 22, 2285 April 4, 1847
March 22, 2353 April 4, 1858
March 23, 1788 April 4, 1915
March 23, 1845 April 4, 2010
March 23, 1856 April 5, 1801
March 23, 1913 April 5


How Is the Date of Easter Calculated? - How Do Christians Calculate the

Date of Easter?

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** How Is the Date of Easter Calculated? **

By Scott P. Richert, Guide

*Question: *How Is the Date of Easter Calculated?
Easter is a moveable feast, which means that it does not occur on the same
date every year. How is the date of Easter determined each year?
*Answer: *The Council of Nicaea (A.D. 325) set the date of Easter as the
Sunday following the paschal full moon, which is the full moon that falls
on or after the vernal (spring) equinox.

We know that Easter must always occur on a Sunday, because Sunday was the
day of Christ's Resurrection. But why the paschal full moon? Because that
was the date of Passover in the Jewish calendar, and the Last Supper (Holy
Thursday) occurred on the Passover. Therefore, Easter was the Sunday after

The Church does not use the exact date of the paschal full moon but an
approximation, because the paschal full moon can fall on different days in
different time zones, which would mean that the date of Easter would be
different depending on which time zone you live in. For calculation
purposes, the full moon is always set at the 14th day of the lunar month
(the lunar month begins with the new moon). Likewise, the Church sets the
date of the vernal equinox at March 21, even though it can occur on March
20. Both approximations allow the Church to set a universal date for

Still, Easter isn't celebrated universally on that


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