How Cranberries Grow Introduction


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Cape Cod Cranberry Growers Association

Cranberries ~Growing ~ Introduction
How Cranberries Grow: "Cranberries 101" - An Introduction

*Cranberries are a unique fruit. They can grow and survive only under a
very special combination of factors. These factors include acid peat soil,
an adequate fresh water supply, and a growing season that extends from
April to November. Cranberries grow on low-lying vines in beds layered with
sand, peat, gravel and clay. These beds are commonly known as bogs or
marshes and were originally created by glacial deposits. Commercial bogs
use a system of wetlands, uplands, ditches, flumes, ponds and other water
bodies that provide a natural habitat for a variety of plant and animal

*The North American cranberry, Vaccinium macrocarpon, is the fruit
recognized by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) as the standard for
fresh cranberries and the cranberry juice cocktail. The European variety,
which is grown in parts of central Europe, Finland and Germany, is known as
Vaccinium oxycoccus. This variety is a smaller fruit with anthocyanin
pigment profiles similar to that of the North American variety. The
European variety, however, has a different acid profile in terms of the
percentages of quinic, malic and citric acid levels present. In Europe,
this fruit is commonly known as lingonberry or English mossberry.

The cranberry is a Native American wetland fruit which grows on trailing
vines like a strawberry. The vines thrive on the special combination of
soils and water properties found in wetlands. Wetlands are nature's
sponges; they store and purify water and help to maintain the water table.
Cranberries grow in beds layered with sand, peat and gravel. These beds are
commonly known as bogs or marshes and were originally formed as a


how do cranberries grow

Cranberry - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


** Cranberry **

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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This article is about a group of plant species. For the rock band, see The
Cranberries. For other uses, see Cranberry (disambiguation).


Cranberry bush with fruit partially submerged
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Ericaceae
Genus: /Vaccinium/
Subgenus: /Oxycoccus/
/Vaccinium erythrocarpum/
/Vaccinium macrocarpon/
/Vaccinium microcarpum/
/Vaccinium oxycoccos/

*Cranberries* are a group of evergreen dwarf shrubs or trailing vines in
the subgenus /*Oxycoccus*/ of the genus /Vaccinium/. In some methods of
classification, /Oxycoccus/ is regarded as a genus in its own right.^[1]
They can be found in acidic bogs throughout the cooler regions of the
northern hemisphere.

Cranberries are low, creeping shrubs or vines up to 2 metres (7 ft) long
and 5 to 20 centimetres (2 to 8 in) in height;^[2] they have slender, wiry
stems that are not thickly woody and have small evergreen leaves. The
flowers are dark pink, with very distinct /reflexed/ petals, leaving the
style and stamens fully exposed and pointing forward. They are pollinated
by bees. The fruit is a berry that is larger than the leaves of the plant;
it is initially white, but turns a deep red when fully ripe. It is edible,
with an acidic taste that can overwhelm its sweetness.

Cranberries are a major commercial crop in certain American states and
Canadian provinces (see cultivation and uses below). Most cranberries are
processed into products such as juice, sauce, jam, and sweetened dried
cranberries, with the remainder sold fresh to consumers. Cranberry sauce is
regarded as an indispensable part of traditional American and Canadian
Thanksgiving menus and some European winter festivals.^[3]

Since the early 21st century within the global functional food industry


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