Cashew - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


** Cashew **

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search


Cashews ready for harvest in Kollam, India
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Anacardiaceae
Genus: /Anacardium/
Species: /*A. occidentale*/
Binomial name
*/Anacardium occidentale/*

The *cashew*, /Anacardium occidentale/, is a tree in the family
Anacardiaceae. Its English name derives from the Portuguese name for the
fruit of the cashew tree, /caju/ (Portuguese
pronunciation: [kɐˈʒu]), which itself is derived from the
indigenous Tupi name, /acajú./ Originally native to Northeastern Brazil,
it is now widely grown in tropical climates for its cashew apples and nuts.


· 1 Etymology
· 2 Habitat and growth
· 3 Dispersal
· 4 Production
· 5 Uses

· 5.1 Medicine and industry
· 5.2 Culinary

· 5.2.1 Cashew apple

· 5.3 Alcohol
· 5.4 Nutrition

· 5.4.1 Allergy

· 6 See also
· 7 References
· 8 External links
· 9 Further reading


The name /Anacardium/ actually refers to the shape of the fruit, which
looks like an inverted heart (/ana/ means "upwards" and /-cardium/ means
"heart"). In the Tupian languages /acajú/ means "nut that produces

*Habitat and growth[edit]*

'Anacardium occidentale', from Koehler's 'Medicinal-Plants' (1887)
Cashew tree
Cashew growing regions in 2006. The yield per hectare data is off-scale per
FAOSTAT database.^[2]

The tree is large and evergreen, growing to 10-12m (~32 ft) tall, with a
short, often irregularly shaped trunk. The leaves are spirally arranged,
leathery textured, elliptic to obovate, 4 to 22 cm long and 2 to 15 cm
broad, with a smooth margin. The flowers are produced in a panicle or
corymb up to 26 cm long, each flower small, pale green at first then
turning reddish, with


how do cashews grow

© 2005-2021