how are porcelain tiles made

Porcelain tile - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


** Porcelain tile **

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Hand-painted Chinese porcelain tiles on the floor of a Jewish synagogue in
Cochin, Kerala, India

*Porcelain tiles* are ceramic tiles commonly used to cover floors and
walls, with a water absorption rate of less than 0.5 percent. They can
either be glazed or unglazed.


· 1 History
· 2 Production
· 3 Polished Porcelain tiles
· 4 Use
· 5 Disadvantages of Porcelain
· 6 Adhesives
· 7 Sealing
· 8 References
· 9 See also


Although porcelain has been used for making tiles for many years, only
modern production methods and quantities has made the porcelain tile
available for the average householder in recent years.


Large-scale production of porcelain tile is undertaken in many countries,
with the major producers being China, Italy, Spain and Turkey. There are
also countries undertaking small-scale production, such as Australia and
strong growth in Brazil.

The hardness of the tile can be rated from zero to five according to ISO
10545-7 (also, ASTM C1027) test for surface abrasion resistance of glazed
tile, and this can be used to determine suitability for various end use

*Polished Porcelain tiles[edit]*

The dense, hard surface of porcelain has made polishing a viable
alternative to a glazed surface. This means that a tile can be fired, then
a polish cut into the surface, creating a shine without a glaze.


Porcelain is much harder than ordinary ceramic tiles and is usually
selected, despite its higher price etc.porcelain can be used in dry areas
such as wall


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