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** Brick **

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This article is about the wall component. For other uses, see Brick
A wall constructed in glazed-headed /Flemish bond/ with bricks of various
shades and lengths
A pallet of bricks stacked without mortar
An old brick wall in /English bond/ laid with alternating courses of
/headers/ and /stretchers/
Bricked Front Street along the Cane River in historic Natchitoches,

A *brick* is a block or a single unit of a ceramic material used in masonry
construction. Typically bricks are stacked together or laid as brickwork
using various kinds of mortar to hold the bricks together and make a
permanent structure.^[1] Bricks are typically produced in common or
standard sizes in bulk quantities. They have been regarded as one of the
longest lasting and strongest building materials used throughout history.

In the general sense, a "brick" is a standard-sized weight-bearing building
unit. Bricks are laid in horizontal courses, sometimes dry and sometimes
with mortar. When the term is used in this sense, the brick might be made
from clay, lime-and-sand, concrete, or shaped stone. In a less clinical and
more colloquial sense, bricks are made from dried earth, usually from
clay-bearing subsoil. In some cases, such as adobe, the brick is merely
dried. More commonly it is fired in a kiln of some sort to form a true


· 1 History

· 1.1 Middle East
· 1.2 Rome
· 1.3 Europe
· 1.4 China

· 2 Methods of manufacture

· 2.1 Mud bricks

· 2.1.1 Rail kilns
· 2.1.2 Bull's Trench Kilns

· 2.2 Dry pressed bricks
· 2.3 Extruded bricks
· 2.4 Calcium-Silicate bricks


how are bricks made

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