Almond - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


** Almond **

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For other uses, see Almond (disambiguation).
"Badam" redirects here. For the villages in Iran, see Badam, Iran.


Almond tree with ripening fruit. Majorca, Spain.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: /Prunus/
Subgenus: /Amygdalus/
Species: /*P. amygdalus*/
Binomial name
*/Prunus amygdalus/*

The *almond* (/*Prunus amygdalus*/, syn. /Prunus dulcis/, /Amygdalus
communis/, /Amygdalus dulcis/), is a species of tree native to the Middle
East and South Asia. "Almond" is also the name of the edible and widely
cultivated seed of this tree. Within the genus /Prunus/, it is classified
with the peach in the subgenus /Amygdalus/, distinguished from the other
subgenera by the corrugated shell (endocarp) surrounding the seed.

The fruit of the almond is a drupe, consisting of an outer hull and a hard
shell with the seed (which is not a true nut) inside. Shelling almonds
refers to removing the shell to reveal the seed. Almonds are sold *shelled*
(i.e., after the shells are removed), or *unshelled* (i.e., with the shells
still attached). *Blanched* almonds are shelled almonds that have been
treated with hot water to soften the seedcoat, which is then removed to
reveal the white embryo.


· 1 Description

· 1.1 Tree
· 1.2 Nut

· 2 Origin and history

· 2.1 Etymology and names

· 3 Production

· 3.1 Pollination
· 3.2 Diseases

· 4 Sweet and bitter almonds
· 5 Culinary uses

· 5.1 Almond flour
· 5.2 Almond syrup

· 6 Nutrition
· 7 Oils
· 8 Aflatoxins
· 9 Mandatory pasteurization in California
· 10 Cultural aspects
· 11 See also
· 12 References



how are almonds grown

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