Dynamite - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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** Dynamite **

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This article is about the high explosive. For other uses, see Dynamite
(disambiguation).
Diagram

1. Sawdust (or any other type of absorbent material) soaked in
nitroglycerin.
2. Protective coating surrounding the explosive material.
3. Blasting cap.
4. Electrical cable (or fuse) connected to the blasting cap.

Preparation of dynamite during the construction of the Douglas Dam, 1942.

*Dynamite* is an explosive material based on nitroglycerin, using
diatomaceous earth (AmE: kieselgur; BrE: kieselguhr), or another adsorbent
substance such as powdered shells or clay. Dynamites using organic
materials as sorbents such as sawdust are less stable and such use has been
generally discontinued. Dynamite was invented by the Swedish chemist and
engineer Alfred Nobel in Geesthacht, Germany, and patented in 1867.

*Contents*

· 1 Invention, purpose, and use
· 2 Manufacture

· 2.1 Composition
· 2.2 Form
· 2.3 Storage considerations
· 2.4 Major manufacturers

· 2.4.1 South Africa
· 2.4.2 United States

· 3 Non-dynamite explosives

· 3.1 TNT
· 3.2 "Extra" dynamite
· 3.3 "Military dynamite"

· 4 Regulation
· 5 See also
· 6 References
· 7 Further reading
· 8 External links

*Invention, purpose, and use[edit]*

"Nobel's ExtraDynamite" manufactured by Nobel's old company, Nitroglycerin
Aktiebolaget.

Dynamite was invented by Alfred Nobel and was the first safely manageable
explosive stronger than black powder. Nobel obtained patents for his
invention in England on May 7, 1867, in Sweden on October 19, 1867.^[1]
After its introduction, dynamite rapidly gained wide-scale use as a safe
alternative to black powder and nitroglycerin. Nobel tightly controlled the
patents, and unlicensed duplicating companies were quickly shut down.
However, a few American businessmen got around


Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dynamite

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