Does a jury need to be unanimous?
Hung jury - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
** Hung jury **
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A *hung jury* or *deadlocked jury* is a judicial jury that cannot agree
upon a verdict after extended deliberation and is unable to reach the
required unanimity or supermajority.
This situation can occur only in common law legal system, because civil law
systems either don't use jury at all or provide that the defendant is
automatically acquitted if the majority or supermajority required for
conviction is not reached during a single, solemn vote.
· 1 Canada
· 2 New Zealand
· 3 United Kingdom
· 3.1 England and Wales
· 3.2 Scotland
· 4 United States
· 4.1 Hung jury in death penalty trials
· 5 References
In Canada, the jury must reach a unanimous decision on criminal cases. Each
jury in criminal courts contain twelve jurors, but not in civil cases. In
civil cases, only six people are necessary for a jury, and if there is one
dissenter but the rest are unanimous (i.e. a 5-1 vote) the one dissenter
can be ignored with the majority opinion becoming the final verdict.^ If
the jury cannot reach a unanimous decision, a hung jury is declared. A new
panel of jurors will be selected for the new trial.
In New Zealand, the jury must initially try to reach a unanimous verdict.
If the jury cannot reach a unanimous verdict after a reasonable time given
the nature and complexity of the case (but not less than four hours), then
the court may accept a majority verdict. In criminal cases, an all-but-one
majority is needed (i.e. 11â1 with a full jury); in civil cases, a
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