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can humans get parvo


Parvovirus B19 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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** Parvovirus B19 **

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

/Erythrovirus/

Electron micrograph of Parvoviruses in blood
Virus classification
Group: Group II (ssDNA)
Order: /Unassigned/
Family: /Parvoviridae/
Subfamily: /Parvovirinae/
Genus: /Erythrovirus/
Species: /*Human parvovirus B19*/

The *B19 virus*, generally referred to as *parvovirus B19*^[1] or sometimes
*erythrovirus B19*,^[2] was the first (and until 2005 the only) known human
virus in the family of parvoviruses, genus erythrovirus. B19 virus causes a
childhood rash called fifth disease or erythema infectiosum which is
commonly called slapped cheek syndrome.^[3]^[4]

The virus was discovered by chance in 1975 by Australian virologist Yvonne
Cossart.^[4]^[5] It gained its name because it was discovered in well B19
of a large series of microtiter plates labelled in this way.^[4]^[6]

*Contents*

· 1 Virology
· 2 Transmission
· 3 Infectivity
· 4 Epidemiology
· 5 Role in disease

· 5.1 Fifth disease
· 5.2 AIDS
· 5.3 Arthritis
· 5.4 Aplastic crisis
· 5.5 Hydrops fetalis

· 6 Treatment
· 7 See also
· 8 References
· 9 External links

*Virology[edit]*

Erythroviruses belong to the Parvoviridae family of small DNA viruses.^[7]
It is a non-enveloped, icosahedral virus that contains a single-stranded
linear DNA genome. Approximately equal proportions of DNA of positive and
negative sense are found in separate particles. At each end of the DNA
molecule there are palindromic sequences which form "hairpin" loops. The
hairpin at the 3' end serves as a primer for the DNA polymerase.^[8] It is
classified as erythrovirus because of its capability to invade red blood
cell precursors in the bone marrow. Three genotypes (with subtypes) have
been recognised.^[9]

In humans the P antigen (also known as globoside) is the cellular receptor


Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parvovirus_B19

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