Cat senses - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


** Cat senses **

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A cat using its senses for exploration
The large ears, eyes, and many vibrissae of the cat adapt it for low-light

*Cat senses* are adaptations that allow cats to be highly efficient
predators. Cats have acute sight, hearing and smell, and their sense of
touch is enhanced by long whiskers that protrude from their heads and
bodies. These senses allow cats to hunt effectively in dim light or at


· 1 Sight
· 2 Hearing
· 3 Smell
· 4 Touch
· 5 Taste
· 6 References


The tapetum lucidum reflecting green in the pupils of a cat.

Cats, like dogs and many other animals, have a /tapetum lucidum/, which is
a reflective layer behind the retina that sends light that passes through
the retina back into the eye.^[1] While this improves the ability to see in
darkness, it appears to reduce net visual acuity, thus detracting when
light is abundant. In very bright light, the slit-like iris closes very
narrowly over the eye, reducing the amount of light on the sensitive
retina, and improving depth of field. Big cats have pupils that contract to
a round point. The tapetum and other mechanisms give the cat a minimum
light detection threshold up to seven times lower than that of humans.
Variation in color of cats' eyes in flash photographs is largely due to the
reflection of the flash by the tapetum.

A closeup of a cat's eye.

Cats have a visual field of view of about 200°


can cats see color

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