Types of PTSD | Psych Central

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** Types of PTSD **

By National Center for PTSD



There are five main types of post-traumatic stress disorder: normal stress
response, acute stress disorder, uncomplicated PTSD, comorbid PTSD and
complex PTSD.

-Normal Stress Response-

The normal stress response occurs when healthy adults who have been exposed
to a single discrete traumatic event in adulthood experience intense bad
memories, emotional numbing, feelings of unreality, being cut off from
relationships or bodily tension and distress. Such individuals usually
achieve complete recovery within a few weeks. Often a group debriefing
experience is helpful. Debriefings begin by describing the traumatic event.
They then progress to exploration of survivors’ emotional responses to
the event. Next, there is an open discussion of symptoms that have been
precipitated by the trauma. Finally, there is education in which
survivors’ responses are explained and positive ways of coping are
identified.

-Acute Stress disorder-

Acute stress disorder is characterized by panic reactions, mental
confusion, dissociation, severe insomnia, suspiciousness, and being unable
to manage even basic self care, work, and relationship activities.
Relatively few survivors of single traumas have this more severe reaction,
except when the trauma is a lasting catastrophe that exposes them to death,
destruction, or loss of home and community. Treatment includes immediate
support, removal from the scene of the trauma, use of medication for


Source: psychcentral.com/lib/types-of-ptsd/000666


are there levels of ptsd


Posttraumatic stress disorder - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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** Posttraumatic stress disorder **

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"PTSD" redirects here. For the album by Pharoahe Monch, see P.T.S.D. (Post
Traumatic Stress Disorder).
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Posttraumatic stress disorder
/Classification and external resources/
USMC-120503-M-9426J-001.jpgA mask, painted by a U.S. Marine who attended
art therapy to relieve posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms
ICD-10 F43.1
ICD-9 309.81
DiseasesDB 33846
MedlinePlus 000925
MeSH D013313

*Posttraumatic stress disorder*^[note 1] (*PTSD*) may develop after a
person is exposed to one or more traumatic events, such as sexual assault,
fighting in a war, sustaining a serious injury, or the threat of death in
which they experience intense fear, horror, or powerlessness.^[1] The
diagnosis may be given when a group of symptoms, such as disturbing
recurring flashbacks, avoidance or numbing of memories of the event, and
hyperarousal continue for more than a month after the traumatic event.^[1]

Most people having experienced a traumatizing event will not develop
PTSD.^[2] Women are more likely to experience higher impact events, and are
also more likely to develop PTSD than men.^[3] Children are less likely to
experience PTSD after trauma than adults, especially if they are under ten
years of age.^[2]War veterans are commonly at risk to PTSD.

*Contents*

· 1 Classification
· 2 Causes

· 2.1 Family violence
· 2.2 Evolutionary psychology
· 2.3 Genetics
· 2.4 Epigenetics
· 2.5 Risk factors

· 2.5.1 Military experience

· 2.6 Drug misuse
· 2.7 Foster care

· 3 Pathophysiology

· 3.1 Neuroendocrinology
· 3.2 Neuroanatomy

· 4 Diagnosis

· 4.1 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual

· 4.1.1 Assessment
· 4.1.2 DSM-5

·


Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posttraumatic_stress_disorder

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