Fjord - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


** Fjord **

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Not to be confused with ford (crossing).
Geirangerfjord, Møre og Romsdal

Geologically, a *fjord* (/ˈfjɔərd/ or
Listen^i/ˈfiːɔərd/; also spelled *fiord*) is a long, narrow
inlet with steep sides or cliffs, created by glacial erosion. The word
comes to English from Norwegian, but related words are used in several
Nordic languages, in many cases to refer to any long narrow body of water
other than the more specific meaning it has in English. There are many
fjords on the coasts of Norway, Iceland, and Greenland.^[1]


· 1 Formation
· 2 Fjord features and variations

· 2.1 Coral reefs
· 2.2 Skerries

· 3 Etymology

· 3.1 Scandinavian usage

· 4 False fjords
· 5 Freshwater fjords

· 5.1 Great Lakes

· 6 Locations

· 6.1 Principal glaciated regions
· 6.2 Other glaciated regions
· 6.3 Extreme fjords

· 7 See also
· 8 Notes
· 9 External links


A glacier in eastern Greenland flowing through a fjord carved by the
movement of ice
Illustration of how a fjord is created

A fjord is formed when a glacier cuts a U-shaped valley by ice segregation
and abrasion of the surrounding bedrock.^[2] Glacial melting is accompanied
by the rebounding of the Earth's crust as the ice load and eroded sediment
is removed (also called isostasy or glacial rebound). In some cases this
rebound is faster than sea level rise. Most fjords are deeper than the
adjacent sea; Sognefjord, Norway, reaches as much as 1,300 m (4,265 ft)
below sea level. Fjords generally have a sill or shoal (bedrock) at their
mouth caused by the previous glacier's reduced erosion rate and terminal


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