American crocodile - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


** American crocodile **

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American crocodile

Conservation status

Vulnerable (IUCN 2.3)^[1]
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
/Clade/: Crocodylomorpha
Order: Crocodylia
Family: Crocodylidae
Subfamily: Crocodylinae
Genus: /Crocodylus/
Species: /*C. acutus*/
Binomial name
*/Crocodylus acutus/*
Cuvier, 1807

Terrestrial range (green)
· /*Crocodylus americanus*/?
Laurenti, 1768
· /*Lacerta alligator*/?
Blumenbach, 1779
· /*Crocodylus caudiverbera*/?
Bonnaterre, 1789
· /*Crocodylus floridanus*/
Hornaday, 1875

The *American crocodile* (/*Crocodylus acutus*/) is a species of
crocodilian found in the Neotropics. It is the most widespread of the four
extant species of crocodiles from the Americas. Populations occur from the
Atlantic and Pacific coasts of southern Mexico to South America as far as
Peru and Venezuela. It also lives within many of the Caribbean islands such
as Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, Grand Cayman, Greater Antilles and the West
Indies. Within the United States, the American crocodile's distribution is
limited to the southern half of Florida, and has an estimated population of
2,000; a significant comeback from the few hundred crocodiles found back in
the 1970s. The habitat of the American crocodile consists largely of
coastal areas.^[2] It is also found in river systems but has a tendency to
prefer some level of salinity, not just tolerance, resulting in the species
congregating in brackish lakes, coastal swamps, lagoons, even cays and
small islands. Other crocodiles also have tolerance to salt water due to
salt glands underneath the tongue, but the American crocodile is the only
species other than the saltwater crocodile to commonly live and thrive in
saltwater. They can be found on beaches and island formations without any
freshwater source, such as some of the many cays and islets across the
Bahamas and the Caribbean. They


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